Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

The information here is given as a guide only and patients are advised to seek further information from their doctor.

An Introduction to CAPD

CAPD Takes place inside the body using the natural lining of the abdomen called the Peritoneum. The Peritoneum acts as the dialysis membrane. In order to do your dialysis by CAPD you will need to have a small operation (which takes place under a local or general anesthetics) to insert a Catheter into your abdomen.

C Continuous Dialysis carries on all the time.
A Ambulatory Unlike Haemodialysis you can move around as normal and carry out your daily activities.
P Peritoneal An enclosed layer of tissue where Dialysis takes place. The Peritoneal surrounds your intestines.
D Dialysis Dialysis removes waste products from your blood.

CAPD is done at home, usually 4 times every day. It takes less than 30 minutes each time and is a very simple, painless procedure. Because dialysis is carried out at home patients must be able and willing to take the major responsibility for their own care. All the equipment you need is delivered to your home including the dialysis bags which are delivered in boxes. You will therefore need of storage space to stack them. A dry garage or similar outbuilding is ideal or alternatively you could use part of a spare room in your house. If you have limited space it's best to discuss this with your CAPD nurse. The following diagram shows all the important parts needed for CAPD dialysis.